On June 23, 1972, the Educational Amendments were enacted by Congress and signed by former President Richard Nixon. Under Title IX of the amendment, discrimination against women in any federally funded educational program, including athletics, was prohibited. Prior to this enactment, women who participated in recreational sports or were involved in informal clubs were faced with firm resistance and nonacceptance. Now, after 45 years, the amendment has created a wide variety of opportunities for women in sports and led to a multitude of accomplishments for female athletes and organizations.
After Title IX passed, the narrative for women in post-high school education has been irreversibly revolutionized. In 1968, half a decade before Title IX was enacted, the number of adult men with a bachelor's degree or higher doubled that of females. After 1972, however, the number of women with that same qualification steadily climbed upwards while the number of males stayed relatively the same. In 2012, 40 years after Title IX, the U.S. Department of Justince reported that females now had 10 percent more degrees from higher education than males.
We invite you to join us in learning about Texas Tech University's history of women's athletics from the beginning of Title IX to now.